- The obtaining of property from another induced by wrongful use of actual or threatened force, violence, or fear, or under color of official right. 18 U.S.C.A. No. 871 et seq.; No. 1951. A person is guilty of theft by extortion if he purposely obtains property of another by threatening to:(1) inflict bodily injury on anyone or commit any other criminal offense; or(2) accuse anyone of a criminal offense; or(3) expose any secret tending to subject any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or to impair his credit or business repute; or(4) take or withhold action as an official, or cause an official to take or withhold action; or(5) bring about or continue a strike, boycott or other collective unofficial action, if the property is not demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act; or(6) testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another's legal claim or defense; or(7) inflict any other harm which would not benefit the actor. Model Penal Code, No. 223.4.It has also been defined as corrupt demanding or receiving by a person in office of a fee for services which should be performed gratuitously; or, where compensation is permissible, of a larger fee than the law justifies, or a fee not due. Term applies to persons who exact money either for the performance of a duty, the prevention of injury, or the exercise of influence, and covers the obtaining of money or other property by operating on fear or credulity, or by promise to conceal the crimes of others. Term in comprehensive or general sense signifies any oppression under color of right, and in strict or technical sense signifies unlawful taking by any officer, under color of office, of any money or thing of value not due him, more than is due, or before it is due.For the distinction between extortion and exaction, see exaction.See also blackmail- loan sharking- shakedown.With respect to larceny by extortion, see larcenyCompare coercion
Black's law dictionary. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A.. 1990.